Warm-Up Exercise for lecture 20

Due 8:00 am, Thurs, Nov 5

Physics 105, Fall 2009

Which is coldest?
☐ 0 degrees Centigrade (Celsius)
☑ 0 degrees Kelvin
☐ 0 degrees Fahrenheit

You heat a disc with a hole in it. Will the diameter of the hole get larger, smaller, or stay the same?
☑ larger
☐ smaller
☐ stay the same

Suppose we have two jars of gas: one of helium and one of neon. If both jars have the same volume, and the two gases are at the same pressure and temperature, which jar contains the greatest number of gas molecules? (Both gases obey the ideal gas law. The mass of a neon molecule is greater than the mass of a helium molecule.)
☐ jar of helium
☐ jar of neon
☑ same number

Ralph is confused about the reading assignment (as usual...). The book calls two different equations "the ideal gas law". In equation 10.8 (8th edition), the equation is "PV = nRT". But in equation 10.11 (8th edition), the equation is "PV = NkBT". Why are they both called the ideal gas law, when only the first equation looks like what he learned in chemistry? Why is one "n" lower case and the other one upper case? What can you tell Ralph to help him understand these two equations?

"n" is the number of moles. "N" is the number of molecules. The two equations describe the same relationship between P, V, and T, so they are the same law... but the two constants "R" and "kB" are different by Avogadro's number, the conversion from number of moles to number of molecules.

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