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Big, beautiful spiral galaxy M101 is one of the last entries in Charles Messier's famous catalog, but definitely not one of the least. About 170,000 light-years across, this galaxy is enormous, almost twice the size of our own Milky Way. M101 was also one of the original spiral nebulae observed by Lord Rosse's large 19th century telescope, the Leviathan of Parsontown. Assembled from 51 exposures recorded by the Hubble Space Telescope in the 20th and 21st centuries, with additional data from ground based telescopes, this mosaic spans about 40,000 light-years across the central region of M101 in one of the highest definition spiral galaxy portraits ever released from Hubble. The sharp image shows stunning features of the galaxy's face-on disk of stars and dust along with background galaxies, some visible right through M101 itself. Also known as the Pinwheel Galaxy, M101 lies within the boundaries of the northern constellation Ursa Major, about 25 million light-years away.
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Students and faculty from theBYU Astronomy and Physics department captured images from space at an observatory in New Mexico to research explaining the evolution of the universe.
Dr. Turley influences the future of physics education during his time as program officer for education division of the National Science Foundation
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Ways Students have Adapted to the Pandemic

Selected Publications

BYU Authors: Dennis Della Corte and Naomi Young, published in Proceedings of the Future Technologies Conference (FTC) 2021, Volume 1. FTC 2021. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, vol 358. Springer, Cham.

The pharmaceutical industry needs to reverse current cost and revenue trends in the research and development process. Digital transformation is the process of turning a classical industry into a data-driven industry that leverages new technologies and opportunities arising from data science, such as artificial intelligence and machine learning. For pharma to successfully maneuver this digital transformation, changes to strategy, platforms, and cultures are necessary. Within this paper, we review the current challenges for the digital transformation of the pharma enterprise and offer a solution in form of a data centric architecture powered by a digital hub and Self-reporting data assets (SRDAs). SRDAs represents an efficient subset of the more generic FAIR – Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable – principles in pharma, as they were developed explicitly to solve important data sharing and reuse cases in this domain. Along with multiple use cases, we show how SRDAs harmonize information and make it accessible in a reusable fashion to data scientists. We present a variety of dashboards that can be created on a solid foundation of SRDAs and outline future business benefits that can follow from this transformative technology.

BYU Authors: Christopher B. Verhaaren, published in J. High Energy Phys.

Non-topological solitons such as Q-balls and Q-shells have been studied for scalar fields invariant under global and gauged U(1) symmetries. We generalize this framework to include a Proca mass for the gauge boson, which can arise either from spontaneous symmetry breaking or via the Stuckelberg mechanism. A heavy (light) gauge boson leads to solitons reminiscent of the global (gauged) case, but for intermediate values these Proca solitons exhibit completely novel features such as disconnected regions of viable parameter space and Q-shells with unbounded radius. We provide numerical solutions and excellent analytic approximations for both Proca Q-balls and Q-shells. These allow us to not only demonstrate the novel features numerically, but also understand and predict their origin analytically.

BYU Authors: Eric G. Hintz, Tyler B. Harding, and Maureen L. Hintz, published in Astron. J.

Using an extensive archive for visual observations from the AAVSO, along with published times of maximum light, we determined a new model for the period of X Cygni. The best model is two linear fits for data before and after 1917 (JD2421512). Before that time the period is 16.38438 +/- 0.00036 days. After we find a period of 16.386470 +/- 0.000028 days. An examination of the O-C values for data after 1917 shows no clear evidence of a constant period change or of sinusoidal variations. The period looks to be constant. From an examination of H-alpha index measurements we find a drop in the value between data before 2013 October and data after 2014 July. This drop is not related to temperature and is likely related to mass loss in the star. Finally, we find that radial-velocity measurements match well with previously published values and show no seasonal variation over the 11 yr of data. This again seems to limit the possibility of a companion.